Tamer Hamdy Mahmoud

Associate Professor of Ophthalmology
Campus mail: Box 3802 Med Ctr, Durham, NC 27710
Phone: (919) 684-6749

Dr. Mahmoud is the program director for the vitreoretinal surgery fellowship at Duke Eye Center. He specializes in small gauge vitreoretinal surgery, diabetic retinopathy, retinal vascular occlusion, retinal surgery instrument development, macular degeneration with complications as subretinal hemorrhage, complex retinal detachment, retinal imaging, intraocular implants, macular edema, intraocular injections, macular holes, epiretinal membranes, and vitreomacular traction. He has developed many surgical techniques including  the use of subretinal air to displace subretinal hemorrhage in macular degeneration and performed the first human autologous retinal transplantation. 

Dr. Mahmoud graduated Summa Cum Lauda from Ainshams University.

He is a member of the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO), the Association of Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO), the American Society of Retina Specialists, the Club Jules Gonin, the Macula Society, the Retina Society, and the United States Masters Swimming Association. Dr. Mahmoud is a reviewer for many Ophthalmology journals and a principal investigator on many clinical trials sponsored by the industry and the National Eye Institute. He has been invited as a guest speaker at many lectures, besides being a consultant to the FDA.

Dr. Mahmoud is certified by the American Board of Ophthalmology and is licensed in the states of California, Michigan, and North Carolina. He received the Edward K. Isbey, Jr., M.D. Resident Award for "Excellence in Clinical Care, Ethics, and Research", the Retina Research Foundation/"Joseph M. and Eula C. Lawrence" Award from the ARVO, the "Senior Honor Award" from the American Society of Retina Specialists, the prestigious Robert A. Machemer Research Award from Duke Eye Center, the "Distinguished Teacher of the Year Award" from the Kresge Eye Institute, and the Golden Globe Award for residents education from Duke Eye Center.  

Dr. Mahmoud has been on the list of Best Doctors in America since 2009 and Castle Connolly Top Doctors in Ophthalmology. He was the program director of the Vitreoretinal Surgery Fellowship at the Kresge Eye Institute in Michigan before coming back to Duke in 2011 to join the retina faculty when the world renowned Brooks W. McCuen, MD retired. Wayne State University-Kresge Eye Institute established the "Tamer H. Mahmoud, MD Endowed Fellowship Research Award" in 2012. This award is bestowed yearly to the fellow presenting the best paper.

He is a co-founder of the Arab-African Society of Retina Specialists (AASRS), co-director of the Mid-West Chicagoland retina update conference, and director of the Duke Surgical Rounds Courses launched at national and international conferences in 2013. He served on the national Therapeutic Safety Committee (TSC) for monitoring of drugs and devices. Dr. Mahmoud founded the North Carolina Retina Club (NCRC) in 2012 to allow interaction and collaboration between retina specialists in the state of North Carolina.

Education and Training

  • Ain Shams University (Egypt), M.B.B.Ch. 1992
  • Ain Shams University (Egypt), Internship, Medicine
  • Ain Shams University (Egypt), Residency, Ophthalmology
  • Duke University School of Medicine, Post Doctoral Research Fellow, Vitreoretinal Ophthalmology
  • Duke University School of Medicine, Internship, Surgery
  • Duke University, Resident, Ophthalmology
  • Duke University School of Medicine, Residency, Ophthalmology
  • Duke University School of Medicine, Vitreoretinal Fellowship, Ophthalmology
  • Wayne State University School of Medicine, Assistant Professor, Kresge Eye Institute
  • Wayne State University School of Medicine, Associate Professor, Kresge Eye Institute

Selected Grants and Awards


Scleral Buckling with Chandelier Illumination.

Scleral buckling is a highly successful technique for the repair of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment that requires intra-operative examination of the retina and treatment of retinal breaks via indirect ophthalmoscopy.